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The turkey, the eagle, the lion and the dove

'The War Zoo' is the original title of this animated cartoon by the renowned Australian caricaturist Harry Julius. The miserable fez-wearing turkey represents the battered Turkish forces. The ferocious German eagle is approached by the ‘dove of peace’ and the British lion, ‘still the king of all’. Cartoons like this one, screened about 1915, were a direct and light-hearted form of war news and propaganda for the public at home.

Year:c. 1915

Location:Australia

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The turkey, the eagle, the lion and the dove

'The War Zoo' is the original title of this animated cartoon by the renowned Australian caricaturist Harry Julius. The miserable fez-wearing turkey represents the battered Turkish forces. The ferocious German eagle is approached by the ‘dove of peace’ and the British lion, ‘still the king of all’. Cartoons like this one, screened about 1915, were a direct and light-hearted form of war news and propaganda for the public at home.


Year: c. 1915

Length: 03:39

Production Company: Pathe

Credits: Pathe's Animated Gazette: 137th Edition

Source: National Film and Sound Archive of Australia

Catalogue Reference: NFSA title: 18469


People: Harry Julius (Cartoonist)

Location: Australia

Tags: Australia, Harry Julius, Cartoons, Animation, Newsreels

Subject: Cartoons, Animation


Australian caricaturist Harry Julian often ridiculed the enemy using techniques such as representing countries as animals. In the animated segment of 'The War Zoo’, a crying and wounded turkey wearing a Turkish fez is struck by boomerangs. A placard reads, ‘Do not throw boomerangs at the bird’. Notices of this kind were commonly seen in zoos, and the boomerangs, of course, represent Australian forces fighting the Turks. Later sections of the cartoon series encourage Australian and New Zealand women to avoid buying fashionable clothes produced in countries that had become ‘the enemy’, while men are urged to enlist for the war in Turkey.

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The turkey, the eagle, the lion and the dove

  • Australia

  • 0:00

    Intertitle: PATHE’S ANIMATED GAZETTE. Australasian Edition

  • 0:01

    Intertitle: 137th Edition

  • 0:03

    Intertitle: Cartoons of the Moment by the Australian Cartoonist Harry Julius

  • 0:08

    Sped up footage of Julius drawing animals representing the various nations involved in WW1. The title reads, ‘The War Zoo’

  • 0:34

    Intertitle: The Weeping Turk

  • 0:38

    Animation of a crying and wounded turkey wearing a ‘Turkish fez’ being struck by boomerangs. A placard reads, ‘Do not throw boomerangs at the bird’

  • 1:00

    Intertitle: The Kultur Eagle

  • 1:04

    Animation of an eagle on a branch overlooking a graveyard wearing a German Pickelhaube (spiked helmet). Voice bubble reads, ‘The Allies, strafe ‘em, have put the dove of peace in as my cagemate’.

  • 1:19

    A dove of peace arrives. The eagle’s voice bubble reads, ‘They made me love you and I didn’t want to do it’.

  • 1:31

    Animation of a lion wearing ‘British clothes’. Text reads, ‘Still King of them’

  • 1:40

    Sped up footage of Julius drawing a ‘fashionable women’. Text reads, ‘MISS AUSTRALASIA before the war purchased yearly £500,000 worth of GERMAN and AUSTRIAN wearing apparel. “MADE IN GERMANY”’

  • 2:25

    Sped up footage of Julius drawing a German (Kaiser Wilhelm?) and a wounded Turk (Mustafa Kemal Atatürk?). Text reads, ‘Ah brave Turk, fight until the last drop of your blood and Papa will give you a nice new Iron Cross’

  • 2:29

    Animation of a map of Australia and New Zealand and a ‘To Turkey’ road sign. Text reads, ‘If the call comes every man will take his turn cheerfully'. The man flips sideways and transforms into an Anzac soldier